The Latest News About the Ebola Fever: How to Fight It
The Ebola virus causes a severe illness that is often lethal in the absence of treatment. For the first time, the disease posed by the Ebola virus (BVVE) manifested itself in 1976 during two simultaneous outbreaks in Nzara (now Southern Sudan), and in Jambuku, the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The second explosion occurred in the village next to the Ebola River, from which the disease got its name.
Symptoms of the Disease Caused by the Ebola Virus
According to WHO “The first symptoms of Ebola could be noted on the 2-21 days from the moment of infection. It is usually:
- temperature from 38.5 degrees and above;
- pain in the joints and muscles;
- pain and redness in the throat;
- muscle weakness;
- abdominal pain;
- loss of appetite.
With the development of the disease, in patient's body reduces the number of cells responsible for blood clotting. As a result, the patient suffers from numerous opened bleeding, both internal and external – out of eyes, ears and nose. There is also vomiting blood, bloody diarrhea and a rash all over the body.
Among the diseased, in the epidemic of 2013-2014, every second patient died. Earlier outbreaks were noted with a mortality rate of up to 90 percent.
How Do they Diagnose Ebola?
It is impossible to say with certainty that a person has this type of hemorrhagic fever. Moreover, it’s hard to distinguish Ebola from malaria or even cholera.
A person cannot have Ebola unless in the past three weeks he has been in a region where other cases of this disease were noted or did not communicate closely with unhealthy people who came from a dangerous area.
The exact diagnosis is established by the analysis of blood. Institutions specializing in tropical medicine and some scientific institutions can make analyses for Ebola in Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus.
Treatment of Ebola
There is no specific treatment for this disease. However, doctors can help the sick body to fight infection with liquid infusions, oxygen masks, blood transfusions and medications that support blood pressure.
How Not to Get Infected with Ebola?
There is no vaccine from Ebola. A number of experimental vaccines have shown good results in studies on primates. Currently, some of the developments have clinical trials.
In order not to get infected, you should avoid visiting the areas where the virus occurs. Medical workers who need to contact patients with Ebola are protected from contact with body fluids using special protective suits, masks, glasses and gloves. So you can get the same tips as medical workers do.
Hope this article would be useful for you in your future life. Keep fit, and no virus would ever infect you.